Civil war

    This was a period of great turmoil for Indian people in the southeast. As mentioned on the Mississippian Period page, around 1450 some
    event or combination of events caused a change in population patterns in Middle Tennessee. The European explorations of the North
    American mainland that began in the 1500's caused severe disruptions in Indian societies. Hernando DeSoto's pillaging journey in 1540
    had a major impact on many southeastern tribes. Indian participation in the European fur trade affected both the supply of game animals
    and the relationships between Indian nations.

Hurricane Creek Stockade
Hurricane Creek Stockade
Period photo of the trestle at Gillem's
Station, now called Tennessee City.
Fortifications erected at this site have
been reduced and are now occupied by
a cemetery.

Photo from
An old cistern well used
for fresh drinking water
Mini Balls and hammerhead found recently
Steeped in History;

In 1863 this property was home to the 8th  Kansas Light
Artillery and the Iowa 22nd cavalry  sent to Tennessee City  
(section 54-Hurricane creek stockade) to protect the railway
against confederate gorilla raids.  

Recent archaeological research has found many artifacts on
the property as well as winter hut sights, medicine bottles, rifle
pits, cannon mounds and cistern wells.
Click to enlarge
Actual map of the area
hand-drawn by a union officer
Medicine bottle
Union  rifle pit
Remains of the bunker
trench surround the top of
the hill.
Tobacco pipe
pipe with image of ladies head
Long before the white men arrived however, Hurricane creek
was home to a the Native-americans.  Many artifacts found
along the fields and creek banks are those of a favorite
Indian game sometimes called "chunkie"  or indian
throwing stones.  
    Indian game stones from around 1500 AD